Now we are going to cover noun clauses as objects of preposition.
I admit, I was a little overly enthusiastic with the memes yesterday, but the material was quite dry. And I love memes. Who doesn’t love memes?
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between two nouns/subjects in a sentence. Words like under, to, from, over, beneath, above, at, during, behind, on, with, etc. are prepositions. The preposition can establish the place of one of the nouns, like in this example:
I lost my mind somewhere along the way.
I lost my mind is the independent clause. Along is the preposition. Somewhere along the way would be noun clause acting as an object of a preposition. I would be the first noun in the sentence, and way would be the second in the subordinate noun clause. Way is the object of the preposition along.
Don’t let the word mind confuse you. It is the direct object. I, the subject, am acting upon my mind by losing it, lose being the transitive verb.
With much bluster, he read the news report.
With much bluster is the noun clause as an object of preposition. He read would be the independent clause, and the news report is the direct object. It is acted upon by the transitive verb reads. Now, the preposition here is with. It shows the relationship with he and the news report.
I swam underneath the bridge.
I swam is the independent clause. Underneath the bridge is the noun clause as an object of preposition. Underneath is the preposition, which establishes the relationship between I and bridge.
Prepositions can also be grouped in words of two or three:
Due to, except for, next to, prior to, as well as, as opposed to, in addition to, as soon as, etc.
And now, for those of you who like to sound all fancy pants, we are going to cover predicate nominatives.
These are words that rename a subject with a linking verb. A predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun.
Linking verbs are forms of to be.
That man is a pig.
That man is the subject here who is renamed, via the linking verb is, into a p-i-g pig. Is a pig would be the predicate nominative.
My wife looks like an angel.
My wife is the subject. Looks is the linking verb. Like an angel would be the predicate nominative, since it renames my wife into an angel via the linking verb looks.
Her looks are a deception.
Her looks are the subject renamed by the linking verb are into the predicate nominative a deception.
If I had written the sentence, her looks are deceiving, that would be a predicate adjective. We will get into predicate adjectives and the different types of adjective clauses next.