I know I have covered some of these already, but I will do so again for those of you who haven’t read the previous posts.
Has a noun or subject and verb/predicate, and can stand on its own.
The cat meows.
And so on.
This clause has a noun and verb but does not present a complete thought or action and is therefore not a sentence. It cannot stand on its own. Usually, it begins with one or even two words that will indicate that it is a dependent clause, and this word will establish the relationship the independent clause has with the rest of the sentence. These words act as clues that you are looking at a dependent clause.
Though, unless, while, after, whenever, where, because, whereas, whether, than, although, since, so that, until, if, whatever, etc.
Since I don’t leave my house, I have no friends.
Because he has sleep apnea, Jim snores.
As you can see in these examples, the dependent clause is separated from the independent clause by a comma.
A dependent clause can play the role of a noun, adverb or adjective.
The next post in the Basic Grammar series will cover noun, adverb, and adjective clauses.
Any questions or comments are welcome.